Friday, January 17, 2020

The New France

While the English presence in North America was largely involved further south and in what are today the Atlantic provinces, the French presence concentrated in what's now Quebec. This brought the incoming French into conflict and collaboration with First Nations peoples.

Two items, side by side. The treaty medal at right dates to the 18th century and is French. The wampum belt is a more contemporary reproduction of one of the time. Two different worlds, reaching an understanding.

France began to establish a presence in the New World; the era of New France had begun, with people migrating across the ocean.

At first there were too many men around and not enough women. The Daughters of the King were women who crossed the ocean to help sustain the colony of New France. Their stories are found throughout this area in the museum.

Here we have a portrait of Charles de la Boische, the Marquis de Beauharnois, governor general of New France from 1726-47.

The seigneurial system was a system of land distribution in New France that started in 1627. Granting land to families for farming along the rivers. The long rectangular properties, typical of the system, can still be seen today when passing over Quebec.

Here we have some artifacts of the era.

Of course the Catholic church was central to life in New France. Items in this display case are of a religious nature.


  1. It's both interesting and disturbing to see the historical details of the colonies ✨

  2. When we listen to a Canadian speaker we always have to laugh, because the French hasn't changed ever since the Frenchs settled down or only a little bit but with more English words. I realize the same in other languages too when I am in Germany the language has also changed terribly since I left in 1959 ! Words I had never heard of. Fortunately we have German TV so I keep my mothertongue up to date, lol !

  3. ...The Daughters of the King is an interesting story.

  4. Vive La Nouvelle France! In memory that is.

  5. @Grace: true.

    @Gattina: for two hundred years it developed independent of France, and so the language has differences.

    @Tom: it is.

    @David: indeed.

    @Jennifer: they were.

  6. Hello, Another interesting exhibit. Enjoy your day, wishing you a great weekend!

  7. Thank you for letting me understand how France came to be such a big part of Canada. I have wondered about it.

  8. More interesting displays for us to see, William!

  9. Great to see the artifacts of New France, as well as the replica of the wampum belt, It was featured in a video on YouTube by the Iroquois nation and others including teaching young people how to make a beaded wampum belt. Interesting to see the daughters of the king!

  10. I had forgotten how early the French settlement began in Canada.

  11. Interesting exhibit of the French settlement.

  12. I'm assuming those women wanted to join the French settlement. It appears they made their mark.

  13. Interesting about New France. I've been to Quebec and I felt French was the first language there!

  14. The exhibit is fascinating. Thanks for sharing this history which I didn't know.

  15. @Eileen: thank you.

    @Marie: it is.

    @DJan: it's a big part of our national story.

    @RedPat: there is a lot of it here.

    @Ella: very much so.

    @Barbara: thank you.

    @Red: it went back centuries.

    @Maywyn: indeed, to cross an ocean.

    @Nancy: thank you.

    @Sharon: they did.

    @Sharon: yes, it is.

    @Bill: you're welcome.

  16. That clock is a beautiful piece!

  17. Sounds like they might have treated the First Nations people better than the British did in America ~ neat post and photos ^_^

    Happy Moments to You,
    A ShutterBug Explores,
    aka (A Creative Harbor)

  18. The Hawaiians too granted strips of land, Ahupua`a that partook of every zone from mountain to coast! Interesting about the Daughters of the King too

  19. I have learned a lot of new things about the Canadian history in your series about this exhibition.

  20. If only the land could speak what would she say about this time? Not sure I would have liked to be alive during these times. So interesting coming on your tours.

  21. Brave women coming over to Canada.Really love the two maps of Quebec Quite beautiful.

  22. Troubled times, I like the artifacts from that time on display:)

  23. This is an interesting exhibit to me! I have several ancestors who came to new France and a couple were filles di roi!

  24. very cool. so cold around here. i saw the piano stairs on FB ...wait that was Toronto ... u r in Ottawa ... i am curious about those stairs? guess it might be like the movie Big. LOL!! ( ;

  25. @Marleen: it is indeed.

    @Carol: in some ways, yes, but other ways the same.

    @Cloudia: the daughters of the king was an unusual idea.

    @Jan: I enjoy showing it all.

    @Kay: that it is.

    @Gemel: it would have been different.

    @Parsnip: thank you!

    @Rosie: I do too.

    @Tanya: that's surprising!

    @Beth: thank you.

  26. On the TV series Finding Your Roots, they did the genealogy of actress Chloe Sevigny and it turned out that her many-times back great grandmother had been a Daughter of the King, coming to Quebec at 14 as part of this. Fascinating -- I'd never heard of it.