As mentioned yesterday, the Metis culture emerged during the 19th century, a unique blend of French-Canadian and First Nations cultures that became distinctly recognized as a separate entity. Here are some of their clothing items.
The Metis would be an integral part of the story of the West, with the founding of Manitoba being part of their legacy. Another part would be armed conflict with the federal government- which would lead to defeat and the execution of their great leader Louis Riel. History has been kinder to Riel, who today is deemed a Father of Confederation.
Another story of the West is that of the transcontinental railroad, binding the east and west, a momentous project.
One of the lasting legacies of the world from this time is the idea of CPR chief engineer Sanford Fleming: time zones across the planet.
These items are by the Haida artist Charles Edenshaw, a prolific artist of the latter half of the 19th century and into the early 20th century.
A tradition of the Pacific Coast peoples long suppressed by the government was the concept of the potlatch
For the federal government, it became important to settle the vastness of the West.