While the English presence in North America was largely involved further south and in what are today the Atlantic provinces, the French presence concentrated in what's now Quebec. This brought the incoming French into conflict and collaboration with First Nations peoples.
Two items, side by side. The treaty medal at right dates to the 18th century and is French. The wampum belt is a more contemporary reproduction of one of the time. Two different worlds, reaching an understanding.
France began to establish a presence in the New World; the era of New France had begun, with people migrating across the ocean.
At first there were too many men around and not enough women. The Daughters of the King were women who crossed the ocean to help sustain the colony of New France. Their stories are found throughout this area in the museum.
Here we have a portrait of Charles de la Boische, the Marquis de Beauharnois, governor general of New France from 1726-47.
The seigneurial system was a system of land distribution in New France that started in 1627. Granting land to families for farming along the rivers. The long rectangular properties, typical of the system, can still be seen today when passing over Quebec.
Here we have some artifacts of the era.
Of course the Catholic church was central to life in New France. Items in this display case are of a religious nature.