Here are two takes on one painting. Canoe Manned By Voyageurs Passing A Waterfall is an 1869 oil painting by Frances Anne Hopkins.
The Metis people are a specific mix of First Nations and white descent who created a unique culture of their own, much of it in the West. By 1885, tensions with the federal government led to action between the two sides in what became the North-West Rebellion.
Among their leaders were Louis Riel and Gabriel Dumont, seen here.
Today Riel is deemed a Father of Confederation, certainly the father of Manitoba, and yet his life came to an end with a treason conviction and a hanging. These are the cuffs used on Riel to lead him to the noose.
The items in this display case- hat, scarf pin, and totem pole, are all the work of Haida artist Charles Edenshaw.
I leave off for today with what I'll have in more detail tomorrow: a church right in the midst of this space.