For First Nations peoples of what would come to be called the New World, everything would change when white people would establish permanent settlements in their homeland.
Jacques Cartier was the vanguard for France, making voyages along the east coast of Canada and deep into the St. Lawrence.
The English sent their own expeditions. Italian Giovanni Caboto sailed to the New World in 1497 and made landfall on the mainland, the first since the time of the Vikings. History remembers him as John Cabot. He would be followed by Martin Frobisher, Henry Hudson, and others.
Samuel de Champlain came after Cartier. He would explore much of the east, map what he saw, and establish settlements. Quebec City and New France would become his legacy.
An astrolabe, a tool of the explorer, is displayed. It is of Champlain's time, and was found in an area known to have been used by him, but is probably not his.