Here we have more art from First Nations artists. There is a rich, vibrant energy to these works.
Quebec and its place in Canada is the next thematic area. In 1967, Charles de Gaulle, the self proclaimed liberator of France, general, president, and narcissistic arrogant egotistical blowhard came to Canada, made a speech and proclaimed, "Vive le Quebec libre" to a crowd outside. It contributed to a nationalist sentiment growing in the province. A real asshole sort of thing to do, frankly, but that term pretty much defined de Gaulle.
In my personal opinion, Charlie didn't do anything during the Second World War that no one else in the Free French could have managed, and it might have been better for history had some German sniper taken him out in 1940.
The sovereignty movement in Quebec has ebbed and flowed over the years. There have been two separation referendums, both of which were narrowly contested, in 1980 and in 1995.
Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau led the No side in 1980. Books by Trudeau are here, below a screen. A speech given at the time is here, paused at times for remarks from the leader of the Yes side.
His opponent was the premier of Quebec and leader of the Parti Quebecois, Rene Levesque, seen here giving remarks in the legislature. The effect of the two video recordings going back and forth has the feel of a debate between two leaders, in two different places.
In 1995, the Parti Quebecois was back in power, led by Jacques Parizeau, with allies in Ottawa under Lucien Bouchard, the leader of the sovereignist Bloq Quebecois. Another referendum was called for.
The No side was led by Quebec Liberal leader Daniel Johnson, bolstered by the federal government of Jean Chretien.
Two marionettes are here. This is Parizeau.
And this is Chretien.
More tomorrow. If you don't hear from me, assume I've been strangled to death by the vengeful ghost of Charles de Gaulle.